Difference between revisions of "Modem"

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=== When switching UI ===
 
=== When switching UI ===
 
Ofono and ModemManager cannot run at the same time. If you switch UI from Plasma Mobile to Phosh, or vice versa, you might have to make sure that only the correct userspace service is running.
 
Ofono and ModemManager cannot run at the same time. If you switch UI from Plasma Mobile to Phosh, or vice versa, you might have to make sure that only the correct userspace service is running.
 +
 +
=== Getting ModemManager logs ===
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 +
1. Open <code>/etc/init.d/modemmanager</code> with your favorite text editor with root permissions
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 +
2. Enable debug mode by changing the <code>command_args</code> line to <code>command_args="${modemmanager_opts} --debug --log-level=DEBUG"</code>
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 +
3. Output the logs to <code>/var/log/modemmanager.err</code> by adding <code>error_log="/var/log/modemmanager"</code> to the same file.
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 +
4. Save and restart ModemManager with `rc-service modemmanager restart`
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 +
5. The logs will now be available at <code>/var/log/modemmmanager.err</code>. Note that they contain sensitive information such as your phone number(s), IMEI, etc.! Scrub them when uploading these logs to the Web!
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<b>Example of <code>/etc/init.d/modemmanager</code></b>
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  #!/sbin/openrc-run
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  supervisor=supervise-daemon
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  command=/usr/sbin/ModemManager
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  command_args="${modemmanager_opts} --debug --log-level=DEBUG"
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  error_log="/var/log/modemmanager"
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  description="ModemManager Daemon"
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  depend() {
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    need dbus
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  }
  
 
== Relevant issues ==
 
== Relevant issues ==

Revision as of 06:06, 13 May 2021

Note This is a work in progress document where a lot of information is still missing. Please help to expand this page!

There are two different userspace services in postmarketOS that can manage the modem:

  • oFono: Integrated in Plasma Mobile
  • ModemManager: Integrated in Phosh

Some modems might be only supported in oFono, while others are only supported in ModemManager. But usually both can be used.

oFono

oFono is integrated into the UI of Plasma Mobile. Alternatively it can be controlled using the Python oFono test scripts from the command line:

$ sudo apk add ofono-scripts
$ /usr/lib/ofono/test/enable-modem
$ /usr/lib/ofono/test/online-modem
$ /usr/lib/ofono/test/list-modems

Check if the SIM card shows up. If you have a dual SIM Qualcomm device (e.g. Wileyfox Swift), follow this guide.

Unlock the SIM card:

$ /usr/lib/ofono/test/enter-pin pin <pin>

Eventually, your SIM card should show up as registering in /usr/lib/ofono/test/list-modems.

ofonoctl is also very useful test tool:

$ sudo apk add ofonoctl
$ ofonoctl list

SMS

Use the send-sms and receive-sms test scripts (from ofono-scripts package).

$ /usr/lib/ofono/test/send-sms "COUNTRYCODENUMBER" "Test SMS from oFono" 0
Send message using modem /gobi_0 ...
/gobi_0/message_9914F33A7C53DD6F080B38755E7D64FD59EA8F8F

ModemManager

ModemManager is integrated into the UI of Phosh. Alternatively it can be controlled using mmcli from the command line:

# List modems
$ sudo mmcli -m 0
# Enter pin
$ sudo mmcli --sim 0 --pin <pin>

Mobile Data

Setting up mobile data should work through the UI on most devices. To do it from the command line (especially on Qualcomm devices), see https://gist.github.com/Minecrell/4cc2bfb9fcae18e294386b0a213907d1 for now.

TODO Integrate proper instructions here (feel free to use the contents of the gist...

Qualcomm Modems

On most Qualcomm SoCs the modem is a separate processor which lives next to the main CPU where Linux is running on. It needs to be given firmware by the host processor to start.

The procedure for getting the modem to work is generally the following:

  • Package and install the Firmware of your modem into the file system, generally the mba.* and modem.* files.
  • Install the package msm-modem-downstream or msm-modem-rpmsg (for most older SoCs on mainline, see below), depending on the kernel you are using (and reboot to activate the udev rules and services).
  • Install ofono and start it using rc-service ofono start
  • You should see signs of your firmware being loaded in the dmesg.
  • You can use the ofono test scripts (packaged in ofono-scripts or ofonoctl to see if the Linux recognized your modem and if it works correctly.
  • Note, that for dual SIM (maybe only for DSDS - dual SIM dual standby) devices you need to follow additional manual steps, otherwise the modem (and ofono) will not recognize your SIM card. See this guide.

Note: On newer SoCs (e.g. SDM845 or MSM8953), the modem seems to be available only through QRTR, and not through rpmsg channels as on older Qualcomm SoCs. You can see this if qrtr-lookup also lists modem services such as User Identity Module service. In that case, you can query the modem through libqmi 1.26.0+ like qmicli -d qrtr://<node> --uim-get-card-status (get <node> from the qrtr-lookup output). Currently, the QRTR transport does not seem to be supported in modem services like oFono or ModemManager yet. At least for ModemManager there seem to be ongoing efforts to make it work, though. See SDM845 Modem for details and example output.

Troubleshooting

When switching UI

Ofono and ModemManager cannot run at the same time. If you switch UI from Plasma Mobile to Phosh, or vice versa, you might have to make sure that only the correct userspace service is running.

Getting ModemManager logs

1. Open /etc/init.d/modemmanager with your favorite text editor with root permissions

2. Enable debug mode by changing the command_args line to command_args="${modemmanager_opts} --debug --log-level=DEBUG"

3. Output the logs to /var/log/modemmanager.err by adding error_log="/var/log/modemmanager" to the same file.

4. Save and restart ModemManager with `rc-service modemmanager restart`

5. The logs will now be available at /var/log/modemmmanager.err. Note that they contain sensitive information such as your phone number(s), IMEI, etc.! Scrub them when uploading these logs to the Web!


Example of /etc/init.d/modemmanager

 #!/sbin/openrc-run
 
 supervisor=supervise-daemon
 command=/usr/sbin/ModemManager
 command_args="${modemmanager_opts} --debug --log-level=DEBUG"
 error_log="/var/log/modemmanager"
 
 description="ModemManager Daemon"
 
 depend() {
    need dbus
 }

Relevant issues

  • #520 N900: integrate ofono
  • #598 Let's get the cellular modem working! (presenting various stacks, general discussion)
  • #1054 Get qualcomm modems working (at the end of the thread scintill wrote a few wrappers and made SMS on a QC modem work with a downstream kernel without userspace blobs!)
  • #1314 i9195/Qualcomm modem support (scintill's work integrated)
  • pmaports#251 xiaomi-santoni: gets modem to work on the device

Relevant pages

See also