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ST-Ericsson NovaThor U8500

ST-Ericsson NovaThor U8500
Manufacturer ST-Ericsson
Name NovaThor U8500
Architecture armv7
CPU 2x 1 GHz ARM Cortex-A9
GPU ARM Mali-400 MP
Year 2011
Process 40nm
Mainline yes
Components
CPU
Works
UART
Works
Storage
Works
USB
Works
Display
Works
GPU
Works
Pinctrl
Works
I²C
Works
Audio
Video
Thermal
Works
WiFi
Unavailable
Bluetooth
Unavailable
Modem
Camera


Contents

Devices with this chipset

This chipset is used similarly in the following devices:

Device Codename Mainline
Samsung Galaxy Ace 2 samsung-codina N
Samsung Galaxy S Advance samsung-i9070
Samsung Galaxy S III mini samsung-golden Y
Samsung Galaxy Xcover 2 samsung-skomer
Sony Xperia P sony-nypon
Sony Xperia U sony-kumquat

Other devices using this chipset but not yet ported to postmarketOS (remove once they are ported):

  • Samsung Galaxy Beam GT-I8530 codename samsung-gavini (wikipedia)
  • Sony Xperia Go (sony-lotus) (wikipedia)
  • Sony Xperia Sola (sony-pepper) (wikipedia)

Kernel hacking

An external page for [Ux500 mainline work].

U-Boot

There is a port of (mainline) U-Boot for U8500 currently maintained at: https://github.com/novathor-mainline/u-boot

It contains a board called stemmy, which is intended for all Samsung devices using U8500 (see above). It provides a simple Android fastboot interface as replacement for Samsung's proprietary flashing procedure. As a device tree compatible bootloader, it can be also used to boot mainline without any hacks in the Linux kernel.

Note: In this case, U-Boot does not replace the Samsung bootloader. Instead, it is packaged into an Android boot image (if necessary), and flashed to the Android boot partition like a regular Linux kernel.

Installation

Pre-built images are available from: https://github.com/novathor-mainline/u-boot/releases. Alternatively, you can build it from source. See #Building below.

Choose the Android boot image (u-boot.img) or the raw binary (u-boot.bin), depending on your device. Most newer devices (e.g. samsung-golden) use the Android boot image format, but some older (e.g. samsung-janice) use the raw binary.

Install it normally to the boot partition:

heimdall flash --Kernel u-boot.img

Usage

U-Boot will try to boot an Android boot image from the boot partition by default. Pressing one of the volume keys during boot allows to change that behavior:

  • Volume Down: Enter Fastboot mode
  • Volume Up: Boot into recovery (recovery partition)
Note: Since the boot partition is already used for U-Boot itself, U-Boot reads the Android boot image with 1 MB offset from the boot partition. This offset is applied automatically when using fastboot flash boot boot.img.

In Fastboot mode, kernels can be directly booted from RAM using fastboot boot .... Alternatively, partitions can be flashed using fastboot flash <partition> ....

U-Boot itself can be also flashed from U-Boot using fastboot flash u-boot u-boot.img (in this case, it will not apply the offset for the boot partition).

Building

Requirements: ARM cross compiler (e.g. arm-non-eabi-gcc)

export CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi-
make stemmy_defconfig
make

If your device uses Android boot images, package it into an Android boot image:

mkbootimg --kernel u-boot.bin --base=0x00000000 --kernel_offset=0x00100000 --ramdisk_offset=0x02000000 --tags_offset=0x00000100 --output=u-boot.img


Assembling a custom boot.img

When used with PostmarketOS the boot.img that you flash into the phone should come out of the pmbootstrap utility, but if you for some reason want to assemble the boot.img using some prefabricated kernel, ramdisk and device tree, the process is like this this:

  mkbootimg --kernel zImage --ramdisk initrd --second foo.dtb --base=0x00000000 --kernel_offset=0x00008000 --ramdisk_offset=0x02000000 --second_offset=0x00f00000 --tags_offset=0x00000100 --output=boot.img

Or using abootimg:

  abootimg --create boot.img -k zImage -r initrd -s foo.dtb -c "pagesize=0x800" -c "kerneladdr=0x8000" -c "ramdiskaddr=0x02000000" -c "secondaddr=0x00f00000" -c "tagsaddr=0x100"

Notice how this puts the device tree binary dtb.foo into the "second bootloader firmware".

See also